Pop music originated as rock and roll in the US and later in the UK in the mid-1950s. Don’t confuse pop music with popular music which includes all music of any style that is popular. Early rock and roll and pop artists include Elvis Presley, the Beatles, and the Rolling Stones. However, from the late 1960s, it was increasingly distinct as a genre from rock music. It became more commercial driven by record labels.
During the 1960s, most pop was played by guitar, drum and bass groups or singers backed by a traditional orchestra. Pop music on radio and in films moved to more eccentric songwriting and incorporated reverb-drenched rock guitar, symphonic strings, and horns.
Pop music are songs with repeated choruses as hooks and verses. Common pop structures include the 32 bar verse-chorus form with memorable melodies and catchy choruses as hooks. Choruses contrast with verses with different melodies and rhythms.
The 1980s saw the increasingly use of digital recording and synthesizers, with synth-pop and other electronic genres increasing in popularity. It was made with electronic beats and started to become sadder since the 1980s. Dubbed the “Queen of Pop” and the “King of Pop” respectively, Madonna and Michael Jackson are considered one of the greatest pop artists and the most influential figures in popular culture since the 1980s.
During the 1990s and the 2000s, dubbed the “Princess of Pop”, Britney Spears was an influential figure in teen pop. The late 2000s and 2010s saw the rise of many pop artists like Rihanna, Katy Perry, and Taylor Swift. The 2010s saw rising popularity in music streaming services like Spotify and Apple Music. Together with social media, streaming services lead to the mainstream success of many new pop artists such as Justin Bieber, and later Billie Eilish.
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