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Rock music originated in the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s as rock and roll that drew directly from the African-American blues and R&B, and country. Besides, it had strong influences from electric blues, folk, jazz, and classical. It is typically played with electric guitar, electric bass, and drums in a verse–chorus song form with a 4/4 time signature. However, it has diverse song forms.

Early rock artists include Wynonie Harris, Goree Carter, Jimmy Preston, Jackie Brenston, and Sam Phillips. Bill Haley‘s “Rock Around the Clock” (1955) became the first rock and roll song to top Billboard charts. In the mid-1950s, non African-American rock and roll musicians such as Carl Perkins, Buddy Holly and Elvis Presley combined rock music with country. Latin rock and Chicano rock began to rise in the Southwest of the United States. Ritchie Valens and Al Hurricane combined rock and roll with North American Western music. Other rock styles like doo wop emphasizing multi-part vocal harmonies and backing lyrics with the song “The Great Pretender” (1955) by the Platters as one of the most successful rock and roll songs.

In the mid-1960s, rock artists notably the Beatles developed the genre into a dominant form of recorded mainstream music for the next several decades. By the late 1960s, it had developed into different styles as “classic rock” like blues rockfolk rockcountry rocksouthern rockraga rock, jazz rock, and later psychedelic rock. New rock styles such as progressive rock, glam rock, and heavy metal later emerged. Yet another new style, punk rock emerged in the second half of the 1970s. Punk rock developed into new wavepost-punk and alternative rock in the 1980s.

In the 1990s, alternative rock dominated rock music in the form  of grungeBritpop, and indie rock. Since the 2000s, new rock styles like pop punkelectronic rockrap rock, rap metal, garage rock, post-punk and techno-pop have emerged. However, during the 2010s, hip hop surpassed rock as the most popular genre in the United States.

You can find a list of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inductees on Wikipedia.

Source: Wikipedia

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